Traumatic stress and professional quality of life. Personality and social support as moderators
The aim of the present study is to investigate the relation between secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction among Romania hospital nurses and physicians. Moreover, we aimed to investigate the moderating effect of core personality traits and social support on the secondary traumatic stress – compassion satisfaction relationship. A sample of 190 hospital medical staff participated at this study. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires that included the measures of traumatic stress, personality traits, different forms of social support, compassion satisfaction and the demographics. Our results showed that all forms of social support and all personality traits, excepting neuroticism, were positively associated with a high level of compassion satisfaction. On the contrary, neuroticism and secondary traumatic stress were negatively associated with compassion satisfaction. Moreover, our regression analysis showed that the relation between secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction is moderated by both personality traits (agreeability and openness) and social support (emotional/ informational support). The results are discussed from the perspective of ways of promoting resilience in context of secondary exposure to traumatic life events. Implications of these results for stress management are also discussed.
secondary traumatic stress, compassion satisfaction, social support, personality traits
Cornelia Măirean – Al. I. Cuza University, Iaşi, Romania, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org