School dropout: causes, effects, prevention and intervention strategies
There are few published articles analyzing the school dropout and offering a broad imagine of the phenomenon. Most of these studies are focused on testing concrete programs of intervention or on meta-analyzing the efficiency of several programs applied to students with a high risk of dropout. The article above may be framed in a series of scientific interests materialized in a research project focused on investigating school violence situations in the Romanian schools and its relationship with sports activities and the percentage of dropouts2. This article contains a synthesis about types, causes and effects of youngsters leaving school early and possible prevention/intervention strategies. Thus, we have made a short review of the risk factors in the school dropout rate on the basis of the main behavioural models which may lead to school failure. We, also, have tried to analyze the personal and social effects of the dropout and offer concrete examples of specific intervention strategies. The three main categories of intervention in school dropout, identified by Martin et al. (2002): unspecific, specific and individualized intervention are detailed and reinforced with examples of the most efficient and most frequent intervention programs used by educators and counsellors.
school dropout, models of school dropout, students with high dropout risk, effective prevention and intervention programs
Mihai Curelaru – Al. I. Cuza University, Iaşi, Romania, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mioara Cristea – Al. I. Cuza University, Iaşi, Romania