Title: Posttraumatic stress symptomatology at victims of road traffic accidents: analysis and intervention
This work is supported by a grant of the Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (project number PN-III-P1-1.1-PD2016-0902)
Project acronym: PTSD-AI
Project type: PN-III-P1-1.1-PD2016-0902, 14.05.2018 – 13.05.2020
Contract number: 87/14.05.2018
Abstract: Psychological trauma is prevalent around the world, from terrorist attacks to motor vehicle accidents. Of all the systems which people have to deal with every day, road traffic systems are the most dangerous. Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) are routine occurrences worldwide and have long-lasting consequences for survivors, both in terms of physical and psychological outcomes. At a general level, the present research has three important objectives: to investigate the determinants and the consequences of PTSD at RTAs victims; to identify subgroups of individuals more vulnerable for PTSD, after a RTA, and more reliable for interventions; to test and validate a form of intervention, based on cognitive bias modification, for reducing PTSD among RTAs’ victims. The context where the studies will be conducted is of particular importance, due to the prevalence of RTAs and the lack of knowledge regarding its psychological consequences. Currently, there is no published study identifying predictors of PTSD at Romanian RTAs victims, as specific and sensitive enough to determine who requires intervention. Participants will be Romanian RTAs victims. Healthy participants exposed to trauma, in laboratory will also be selected for the research. Extending the information available from laboratory studies to real word represent an important advantage of the results in terms of internal and external validity. The results of the present research should bring more confidence upon some implications of cognitive theories of PTSD, by exploring them both in an experimental and in an ecological design. Identifying specific predictors of PTSD after RTAs, as well as valid interventions should have important clinical and socio-economic implications, by preventing the human pain and the negative implications of PTSD.
Keywords: PTSD, road traffic accidents, cognitive model, Cognitive Bias Modification, experimental design
- 1 ISI paper (accepted for publication)
- Măirean, C. (2018). Driving cognitions, rumination, and posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accidents survivors. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy. (Accepted paper)
- 1 paper under review in an ISI journal
- Măirean, C. (2018). Driving cognitions and driving phobia as predictors of errors, lapses, ordinary and aggressive violations on the road. Journal of Safety Research
- 1 BDI paper under review
- Măirean, C. (2018).The relation between driving cognitions and driving phobia. The moderating role of emotional regulation strategies. Romanian journal of Applied Psychology.
- 2 presentations in international conferences
- Măirean, C. (2018). Traffic locus of control, driving cognitions and posttraumatic stress symptoms. 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference Social Science and Arts, Bulgaria.
- Măirean, C. & Havârneanu, C. E. (2018). The relation between posttraumatic stress symptoms and traffic phobia. 5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference Social Science and Arts, Bulgaria.
- Activity report for May-December 2018 .